Using Build Arguments in Docker Build

Posted on January 8, 2019 by Michael Roma

Example Dockerfile for building an Angular 6 project

# base ===============================
FROM nginx:1.13.3-alpine AS base

# clean up
RUN rm -rf /usr/share/nginx/html/*

# builder ============================
FROM node:10 AS builder

# build dependencies
RUN npm install -g @angular/cli@6.2.3
COPY package.json /app
RUN npm install

# build
COPY . /app
RUN ng build --configuration=${BUILDCONF}

# final ==============================
FROM base AS final

# setup server
COPY docker/default.conf /etc/nginx/conf.d/
COPY --from=builder /app/dist /usr/share/nginx/html

CMD ["nginx", "-g", "daemon off;"]

In the dockerfile above, the line for ng build takes a build arg ${BUILDCONF}

RUN ng build --configuration=${BUILDCONF}

You can pass this build arg through the docker build command using the --build-arg parameter

docker build -t my-app:build --build-arg BUILDCONF=$BUILD_CONFIG .
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